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This Blog was brought to you by the San Antonio Car Accident Attorneys of the Carabin Shaw Law Firm in San Antonio


Driving in Bad Weather

A winter storm that wreaked havoc across a large portion of the country - and the impact it had on drivers everywhere is reason enough for me to offer caution to people who would consider venturing out onto public roads when warned off by authorities.

To begin with - in today's environment of 24-hour news - coupled with technological advancements in weather forecasting - only a hermit would be unaware of an impending storm well in advance.

News announcers drone on and on about expected snowfall levels and ice and sleet hazards. The reason I bring this up is that when a person gets into their car to drive after a storm has been predicted to begin and continue over a specific period - it is gambling (with their life and others). More info on this website

Take, for instance, those drivers in the northern United States. At times, dozens and dozens of cars are left abandoned as police and emergency personnel work to rescue drivers whose cars become stuck thanks to a foot or more of snow that fell in a short period.

This identical scenario was repeated on highways across the country. Undoubtedly, those drivers wish they had heeded the warnings of local and state officials who repeatedly stated that people should stay home.

Inclement weather is an expected part of the winter season. But when weather experts are all but begging states to close down all public buildings and advising people to remain in their homes - this is more than a bit of rain and snow - and the intelligent person listens to the advice of the experts.

Auto Accident Lawyers

Our experienced and proactive trial attorneys are skilled in investigating and prosecuting motor vehicle accident claims. We concentrate on serious injuries sustained in car, semi-truck, motorcycle, bus, and pedestrian accidents. Our attorneys are known for their aggressive, proactive litigation techniques and negotiating skills; as a result, they have successfully recovered millions of dollars in judgments and settlements for their clients.

Cases arising from motor vehicle accidents are the most common type of personal injury case in our court system today. Every 10 seconds, someone in the United States is involved in an automobile accident, according to the national highway traffic safety administration (NHTSA). The law of negligence usually governs these accident cases. Generally, people who operate automobiles must exercise "reasonable care. A failure to use reasonable care is considered negligence. A person who negligently operates a vehicle may be required to pay for harm to a person or property caused by his or her negligence. The injured person, known as the plaintiff, must prove that the defendant was negligent, that the negligence caused the accident, and that the accident caused the plaintiff's injuries. If you have been involved in a motor vehicle accident, do not hesitate to seek legal counsel from a personal injury attorney experienced in car accident cases to protect your interests best. More here

As with other types of accidents, figuring out who is at fault in a traffic crash is a matter of deciding who was negligent. Determining who is at fault can be complicated, and an experienced attorney will look to several sources, such as police reports, witnesses, and experienced accident reconstruction experts.

Courts look to several factors in determining whether a driver was negligent. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

disobeying traffic signs or signals
failing to use a turn signal
driving too fast
disregarding weather or traffic conditions
driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol
distracted driving

A driver may also be liable for an accident due to intentional or reckless conduct. A reckless driver drives unsafely, with "willful and wanton disregard" for the probability that such driving may cause an accident.

Traffic safety and law enforcement organizations are renewing efforts to identify and penalize aggressive drivers. The NHTSA defines aggressive driving as a progression of unlawful driving actions such as:

speeding-exceeding the posted limit
driving too fast for conditions
improper or excessive lane changing
failing to signal intent
failing to see that movement can be made safely
improper passing-failing to signal intent
using an emergency lane to pass
passing on the shoulder.

Every 30 minutes, someone in this country dies in an alcohol-related crash. In a lawsuit arising from a drunk driving accident (in addition to the drunk driver being held liable for the injuries), a bar or club may be liable for damages if they served an intoxicated guest who drove and caused an accident. An experienced personal injury trial attorney can help you identify who might be responsible for your injuries, including people or businesses you may not have thought of.

Sometimes accidents are caused by factors unrelated to any particular driver's conduct. For example, an automobile accident may occur due to a defect in someone's car. In such a case, an automobile manufacturer or supplier may be responsible for injuries caused by a defect in the automobile under the law of product liability. Other factors, such as poorly-maintained roads and malfunctioning traffic control signals, can also contribute to causing an accident. Improper design, maintenance, construction, signage, lighting, or other highway defects, including negligently placed trees, signs, and utility poles, can cause serious accidents. In these cases, government entities may be potential defendants in a lawsuit. For more information about your legal rights following an accident, contact our Law Firm to schedule a free consultation. Our attorneys and staff speak Spanish, English

This Blog is posted by The Bryan Woods Law Firm - Your San Antonio Construction Litigation Attorney

Bryan Woods Law Firm

1250 N.E. Loop 410, Suite 725
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone: 210-824-3278
Fax: 210-824-3937

San Antonio Construction Defects - Street Collapse

Some of the more common problems on roadways and private roads include the following:

Street Collapse

A street collapse can be the result of a builder not taking into consideration the type of soil he is building on. Soil can be either expansive or collapsing, both of which will cause movement and the potential collapse of a street. This street collapse can also be caused by a nearby hill or mountain that has a mudslide or that has eroded land under or next to the street. A builder or developer needs to properly analyze the land where a street or roadway will be built before it is built. With this assessment, a builder will know what construction strategies to law


A sinkhole is caused by a collapse of a cavern roof. It is a natural indentation of the land surface that connects to a passage that is underground. These collapsed sinkholes can grow to be very deep and wide within hours and sometimes minutes. These are quite rare, however. Sinkholes generally occur in limestone. The damages a sinkhole can inflict on your property are serious. The problem never gets better, only worse. Some effects of sinkholes can include but are not limited to cracks in windows or doors, doors that are hard to close, deep separation of concrete walks, or sediment in your water.

Utility Failures (downed/broken lines)

Utility failures in downed or broken lines occur because of natural causes such as weather or by human negligence. When an underground line is broken it takes longer to detect and is extremely costly to repair. These utility failures with broken or downed lines can adversely affect a home or building by disrupting telecommunication services, cable services, or electrical services. As you can imagine, the damage caused by utility failures can be as simple as the loss of power for an hour causing minimal damages, to an extended loss of power causing personal injury and/or damage to personal items in the home.


Erosion occurs when material from the Earth is transported via stream flows, coastline, or hill slope. It is a gradual wearing away of the land. Factors such as wind or water can provide the force needed to start this erosion process. Erosion can affect the shaping of land surfaces or the quantity of material built upon the land surface. Water is one of the most significant natural factors in the process of erosion. Although a certain amount of erosion is natural, erosion is sometimes increased by poor construction actions and can be decreased by using proper techniques such as tree planting.

Landslides and Falling Rocks

Landslides and falling rocks can be described as a measurable plane of land that has slipped resulting in falling rocks. It can turn into a pretty steady flow as the block of land gains momentum down the slope. Steep slopes are susceptible to landslide occurrences, but they occur in almost any environment. They can be caused by an earthquake and by construction, specifically road construction. Falling rocks will result when the landslide moves the debris or soil that covered the rock. This exposes the rock allowing it to tumble along with the landslide or on its own time, sometimes after the landslide has occurred.

Damages from street collapse, sinkholes, utility failure (downed/broken lines), erosion, or landslides, and falling rocks to roadways and private roads can be serious. Without proper expertise regarding these defects, a resolution to these issues can be time-consuming and costly. Do not try to take care of these issues on your own. Contact an attorney in our office today to help you take the proper steps.

The Child Citizenship Act of 2000

What is this law all about?
On October 30, 2000, President Clinton signed into law H.R. 2883, the Child Citizenship Act of 2000. The new law, Public Law 106-395, amends the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to permit foreign-born children—including adopted children to acquire citizenship automatically if they meet certain requirements. It became effective on February 27, 2001.

Which Children Automatically Become Citizens Under the New Law?

Beginning February 27, 2001, certain foreign-born children—including adopted children—currently residing permanently in the United States will acquire citizenship automatically. The term "child" is defined differently under immigration law for purposes of naturalization than for other immigration purposes, including adoption. To be eligible, a child must meet the definition of "child" for naturalization purposes under immigration law and must also meet the following requirements: more info @ best immigration attorney san antonio

The child has at least one United States citizen parent (by birth or naturalization);
The child is under 18 years of age;
The child is currently residing permanently in the United States in the legal and physical custody of the United States citizen parent;
The child is a lawful permanent resident;
An adopted child meets the requirements applicable to adopted children under immigration law

Acquiring citizenship automatically means citizenship acquired by law without the need to apply for citizenship. A child who is currently under the age of 18 and has already met all of the above requirements will acquire citizenship automatically on February 27, 2001. Otherwise, a child will acquire citizenship automatically on the date the child meets all of the above requirements.

Is the Law Retroactive? Is Automatic Citizenship Provided for Those Who Are 18 Years of Age or Older?

No. The new law is not retroactive. Individuals who are 18 years of age or older on February 27, 2001, do not qualify for citizenship under Public Law 106-395, even if they meet all other criteria. If they choose to become U.S. citizens, they must apply for naturalization and meet eligibility requirements that currently exist for adult lawful permanent residents.

Will Eligible Children Automatically Receive Proof of Citizenship—Such As Citizenship Certificates and Passports?

No. Proof of citizenship will not be automatically issued to eligible children. However, if proof of citizenship is desired, beginning February 27, 2001, parents of children who meet the conditions of the new law may apply for a certificate of citizenship for their child with INS and/or for a passport for their child with the Department of State.

What Will INS Do With Currently Pending Applications for Certificates of Citizenship?

For pending applications filed to recognize citizenship status already acquired, INS will continue to adjudicate such applications under the relevant law applicable to the case. For applications that required INS approval before an individual could be deemed a U.S. citizen, INS will adjudicate those cases under current law until February 27, 2001. On February 27, 2001, INS will adjudicate those cases under the new law and for applicants who automatically acquire citizenship as of the effective date, INS will issue certificates of reflecting the person’s citizenship as of that date.

Is Automatic Citizenship Provided for Children (Including Adopted Children) Born and Residing Outside the United States?

No. In order for a child born and residing outside the United States to acquire citizenship, the United States citizen parent must apply for naturalization on behalf of the child. The naturalization process for such a child cannot take place overseas. The child will need to be in the United States temporarily to complete naturalization processing and take the oath of allegiance.

To be eligible, a child must meet the definition of "child" for naturalization purposes under immigration law, and must also meet the following requirements:

The child has at least one U.S. citizen parent (by birth or naturalization);
The U.S. citizen parent has been physically present in the United States for at least five years, at least two of which were after the age of 14—or the United States citizen parent has a citizen parent who has been physically present in the United States for at least five years, at least two of which were after the age of 14;
The child is under 18 years of age;
The child is residing outside the United States in the legal and physical custody of the United States citizen parent;
The child is temporarily present in the United States—having entered the United States lawfully and maintaining lawful status in the United States;
An adopted child meets the requirements applicable to adopted children under immigration law;
If the naturalization application is approved, the child must take the same oath of allegiance administered to adult naturalization applicants. If the child is too young to understand the oath, INS may waive the oath requirement.